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The Four Phases of Emergency Management


Emergency activities are divided into four phases that require different types of organization and preparation. These four phases are: Preparedness, Response, Recovery and Mitigation.

The Saline County Emergency Management Agency works with other local agencies to develop plans for natural disasters like floods, tornadoes, or winter storms, and man-made disasters, such as hazardous material spills, plane crashes and terrorism. We offer training and education programs to our emergency personnel in support of emergency planning. Exercises with government officials and local emergency response agencies are conducted to ensure that proposed plans work. Exercises with other Kansas counties and the Kansas Division of Emergency Management are also conducted to ensure proper procedures for coordination are in place.

The Saline County Emergency Management Agency works together with other agencies including: Local Law Enforcement Agencies, Fire Departments, Emergency Medical Services, Public Works, the Health Department, Hospitals, The American Red Cross, and The Salvation Army to quickly assist our community in the event of a disaster. If the disaster response will exceed our local resources, we will ask for assistance from outside agencies, such as Kansas Division of Emergency Management and The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) In the event of a county wide emergency we activate our local Emergency Operations Center (EOC) so that all agencies can coordinate together for a more effective response.

Recovery activities involve assisting the citizens of the affected area return to normal or near-normal conditions as quickly as possible following a disaster. Should our community experience a disaster, such as a tornado or flood, that has resulted in wide spread devastation you could expect to see state and federal agencies (such as FEMA, National Guard, etc.) assisting our local agencies. Local, state and federal agencies will work together to provide restoration services to you and your family.

Mitigation is the combined effort of local, state and federal governments that work toward reducing or eliminating the problems associated with disasters. Mitigation planning involves identifying hazards and vulnerabilities facing the communities within Saline County. During this planning, an assessment is made of the risks various disasters might pose to those communities. Measures can then be put in place to try to reduce or eliminate those risks. These measures may include such things as building codes, land use management, flood insurance, public education, and local statutes and ordinances. The flood control levee around Salina is an example of a mitigation measure. Safe rooms in homes and schools, as well as tornado shelters in Mobile Home Parks are also examples of mitigation projects.